give a feeling of surprise to
find or catch when unprepared
feeling caused by sth happening suddenly or unexpectedly
event or thing that causes this feeling
"The news really surprised me"
"She surprised the couple"
"He surprised an interesting scene"
Government troops..crushed Pancho Banderas..in a surprise attack.
His father had bought a..radio for the trip, so they would not be surprised by weather.
出自： T. McGuane
You don't look very surprised at the news of his failure.
I was surprised at hearing him say so.
We were surprised at finding the house clean, bright and spacious.
She was very much surprised at his coming at all.
He surprised us by producing from his pocket a five-pound note.
The magician surprised the audience by producing from under his hat a rabbit.
They were surprised by this strange noise.
She was much surprised by the news.
We were surprised by his success.
Her sudden question surprised him into betraying himself.
The prisoner was surprised into admitting his guilt.
They surprised the secret of the murderous past out of the hypocrite.
The judge surprised the facts out of the witness.
He surprised us with his knowledge of the locality.
Let's surprise her with a birthday party!
Her daughter surprised her with a full mark in a math examination.
The town was well defended so there was little chance of taking it by surprise.
The invaders took the town by surprise.
The fort was taken by surprise.
那堡垒出其不意地被攻占了。 take sb by surprise
The news took me by surprise.
His sudden appearance took us quite by surprise.
误 His death was surprising to us all.
正 His death surprised us all.
误 We are surprising to hear the news.
正 We are surprised to hear the news.
析 surprising为现在分词作形容词表主动,说明主语的性质。surprised为过去分词作形容词表被动,具有“由于…原因而惊骇”的意思,常跟动词不定式或at+sb's/sth v -ing。
误 I was surprised with his behavior at the party.
正 I was surprised at his behavior at the party.
析 表示“对…感到吃惊”,应该说 be surprised at,而不能说 be surprised with。
误 It was surprised that he finished writing a novel in only twenty days.
正 It was surprising that he finished writing a novel in only twenty days.
析 surprised 表示“感到吃惊的”,其主语应该是人,而 surprising 表示“令人吃惊的”,其主语应该是物或某件事情。所以误句中的 surprised 应改成 surprising。
误 The newspaper report of an outrage against the children surprised the public.
正 The newspaper report of an outrage against the children shocked the public.
析 surprise 侧重于表示“出人意料而使人感到惊讶”,语气较弱。汉语中的“震惊”,在英文中是 shock,这个词的意味远比 surprise 强。
误 I surprised to hear you say that.
正 I am surprised to hear you say that.
析 当surprise作及物动词表示“使惊奇”“使震惊”时,它后面可直接跟宾语,但要表示“某人对某事感到惊奇”,往往采用 be surprised to- v 的系表结构, surprised是过去分词,在句中作表语。
误 In my surprise, he won the price.
正 To my surprise, he won the price.
析 to one's surprise是固定用法,意为“令人吃惊的是”。
误 To my surprised, he managed to finish the work only in a few days.
正 To my surprise, he managed to finish the work only in a few days.
析 “使某人吃惊的是”,英文是“to one's surprise”, to 是介词,所以后接名词。
误 His face showed surprises at the news.
正 His face showed surprise at the news.
误 Here is surprise for you.
正 Here is a surprise for you.