# proportion

[prə'pɔːʃn] [prə'pɔːrʃn]
• 释义
• 用例
• 词组
• 讲解
• 更多
• n. 部分；比例；均衡；（复）规模
• vt. 使成比例；使均衡；分摊
双解释义
n. (名词)
1. [U]均衡; 相称,协调

the correct relationship between the size, position, and shape of the different parts of a whole

2. [U]比例,比率

relation of one thing to another in quantity, size, etc.; ratio

3. [C]部分; 份儿

comparative part or share of a whole

v. (动词)
1. vt. 使成比例

put into proportion or right relationship

详尽释义
n. 名词
1. 比例，比率
2. 均衡，相称，调和，平衡
3. 面积，大小，容积，规模
4. 部分，份儿，份，份额
5. 【数】比例，比
6. 配合
7. 倍数关系
v. 动词
1. 使成比例
2. 使相称，使平衡，使均衡
3. 匀称
4. 分摊，摊派，分配
英英释义
Noun:
1. the quotient obtained when the magnitude of a part is divided by the magnitude of the whole

2. magnitude or extent;

"a building of vast proportions"

3. balance among the parts of something

4. the relation between things (or parts of things) with respect to their comparative quantity, magnitude, or degree;

"an inordinate proportion of the book is given over to quotations"
"a dry martini has a large proportion of gin"

5. harmonious arrangement or relation of parts or elements within a whole (as in a design);

"in all perfectly beautiful objects there is found the opposition of one part to another and a reciprocal balance"

Verb:
1. give pleasant proportions to;

"harmonize a building with those surrounding it"

2. adjust in size relative to other things

• 例句
用作名词 (n.)
1. A large proportion of my time is spent in studying.
我的大部分时间花在学习上。
2. This door is narrow in proportion to its height.
这扇门就其高度的比例而言窄了些。
3. The two windows are in admirable proportion.
这两扇窗户十分相称.
4. The tree can grow to massive proportions.
这课树可以长到很大。
用作及物动词 (vt.)
1. We must proportion the punishment to the crime .
我们必须使刑罚与罪行相当。
2. You must proportion your spending to your salary.
你必须使你的开支与你的薪水相均衡((量入为出))。
3. Adjacent heat transfer and determination of heat cost proportion.
邻户传热及热费分摊比例的确定。
4. The fund shall be distributed among the claimants in proportion to the amounts of their established claims.
该项基金应在索赔人之间依其提出的索赔额比例进行分摊。
常见句型
用作名词 (n.)
1. The painting lacks proportion.
这幅画比例失调。
2. His success bore no proportion to his abilities.
他的成就与他的才能不相称。
3. The proportion of men to women in the population has changed in recent years.
近几年男性同女性的比例有了改变。
4. The proportion of imports to exports is worrying the government.
进口与出口的比例令政府担忧。
5. A large proportion of my time is spent in studying.
我的大部分时间用在学习上了。
6. A large proportion of the children come to school by bus.
很大一部分儿童乘公共汽车上学。
7. The land is divided in such proportions that the farmers are all satisfied.
土地划分成非常合理的份数,所有的农夫都很满意。
8. The paint should be mixed in the proportion of one part of paint to two parts of water.
油漆应以一份油漆两份水的比例来调制。
用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词
S+～+ n./pron.
1. We must proportion the power of the two parties.
我们必须均衡两个政党的力量。
2. 1
3. The different parts of the house are well proportioned.
这座房子的各部分都很匀称。
经典引文
• So large a proportion of the earth's surface.

出自： T. H. Huxley

• A small proportion of Old Boys who revisit their old school.

出自： A. C. Boult

• Proportion your supply exactly to the demand.

出自： H. Martineau

• The punishment should be proportioned to the offence.

出自： J. S. Mill

• 常用短语
用作名词 (n.)
in proportion
有相同的比值having equal ratios
in proportion to
相对于某事物来说; 与某事物成比例relative to sth
out of proportion
不相称; 不成比例in the wrong relation (to other things)
用作动词 (v.)
proportion to (v.+prep.)
量入为出 keep expenditures below income
proportion sth to sth
You must proportion the width of a building to its height.

你必须使建筑物的宽度与其高度成比例。
He proportioned his expenditure to his income.

他使自己的收支成比例。

词汇搭配
用作名词 (n.)
形容词+～ 介词+～ ～+介词
用作动词 (v.)
～+副词 ～+介词
• 词语用法
1. Proportion同part的比较：作名词时，两者都可表示“部分”，只是前者只能作名词和动词，而后者还可作形容词和副词，词性比较广。proportion同part之间在程度上的差异一直都比较模糊，没有明确指明。a proportion与整体(whole)间存在着一个定量关系，即某个部分占整体的几分之几，或占百分之多少(ratio)。因proportion能体现比例，然后可与其他部分进行比较，所以proportion较part而言，被认为更精确更好。要补充说明的是，proportion的可比较性是简单的同一个整体的两个部分各自占整天的ratio的对比，并非两个来自不同整体的ratios的对比；
2. a proportion of表示“……的一部分”，可等同于some和a part of；
3. 短语in proportion to表示“与……成比例”或是“与……比较起来”，属固定用语，不可以随意更换介词to。
n. (名词)
1. proportion of作“部分”解时,如果后面是不可数名词或单数可数名词(指量),谓语动词要用单数形式; 如果后面是复数名词,则谓语动词可以用单数,也可以用复数; 当proportion作“比例”解时,无论of后面的名词是单数还是复数,谓语动词一概用单数。
2. in the proportion of意为“按…的比例”。
v. (动词)
1. proportion的基本意思是“使均衡”“使相称”“使成比例”,指事物内部各细节安排得匀称整齐,从而产生一种美感。这种优雅的美感与事物的大小、持续时间的长短或强度都没有关系。
2. proportion是及物动词,接名词或代词作宾语。可用于被动结构。
3. proportion的宾语后常接介词to引起的短语,意思是“使…与…成比例”。
词源解说
• ☆ 14世纪晚期进入英语，直接源自古法语的proportion；最初源自古典拉丁语的proportionem，意为相对的关系，类似。
• 近反义词
【近义词】
【反义词】
临近单词