(word that gives an opposite meaning to another word or sentence)
"he does not speak French"
"she is not going"
"they are not friends"
"not at all"
Is he not a gay dissipated rake who has squandered his patrimony?
出自： R. B. Sheridan
This is not the cause of a king, but of kings.
If the sky were not clear..you would have to come..in the morning.
出自： T. Hardy
The English translation is not good.
出自： A. Tate
An Indian, isn't he?
出自： P. Capon
A swimming-pool..is common to all as a table is not.
误 Getting not enough sleep is harmful to your health.
正 Not getting enough sleep is harmful to your health.
误 Having not know about the accident, he went to work as usual.
正 Not having known about the accident, he went to work as usual.
误 I beg you to not go.
正 I beg you not to go.
析 不定式的否定形式是not to do。
误 The students went on strike, but no the teachers.
正 The students went on strike, but not the teachers.
析 not和no均可用来构成否定,但用法不同。not用来使动词变成否定,而no是作为形容词用在名词前,意思是not a或not any。
误 I don't want both of them.
正 I don't want either of them.
析 either用在not后面,表示全部否定,而not与all, every, everyone, both等词连用时表示部分否定。
误 I cannot almost believe it.
正 I can hardly believe it.
析 “几乎不”用hardly, scarcely表达。almost可以修饰no, none, nothing等词,但不能修饰not。
误 He is always not late.
正 He is never late.
析 always not表示“不总是,有时不”,不符合句意。
误 He is not a little like his father.
正 He is not a bit like his father.
析 not a little等于much,表示“很多”,而not a bit表示“一点也不”。
误 Not only he made a promise, but also he kept it.
正 Not only did he make a promise, but also he kept it.
正 He not only made a promise, but also he kept it.
析 not only用在句首,第一个分句应倒装。
误 I have not brother.
正 I have no brother(s).
误 No any tourists came the island last year.
正 No tourists came to the island last year.
误 I have not idea what he wants to do.
正 I have no idea what he wants to do.
析 此处no是形容词,加在名词前作定语,等于not any, not是副词,不能直接修饰名词。
误 He should have not started so early.
正 He should not have started so early.
析 在复合谓语动词中,副词not, never等通常放在第一个助动词之后。
误 He is not so strong like you.
正 He is not so strong as you.
析 not so...as是as...as的否定形式,不可用not so...like表示。
误 The boss was on holiday, but no the employees.
正 The boss was on holiday, but not the employees.
误 He didn't speak clearly and correctly.
正 He didn't speak clearly or correctly.
析 not...or表示全部否定, not...and表示部分否定。
误 He not only plays the piano, but also the violin.
正 He plays not only the piano, but also the violin.
误 He not only speaks English but also French.
误 Not only does he speak English, but French as well.
正 He speaks not only English but also French.
正 Not only does he speak English but also speaks French.
析 not only...but also...所连接的内容在形式上要前后对称。
误 Not only the books but also the dictionary belong to me.
正 Not only the books but also the dictionary belongs to me.
析 用not only...but also...连接两个部分作主语时,其谓语动词的数要与but also后的主语保持一致。
误 She studies as hard as her younger brother, but does not study hard as her elder sister.
正 She studies as hard as her younger brother, but not so hard as her elder sister.
析 把两个相同的人或事物比较时,须用as...as或not so/as...as,误句中后半句少了so/as。
误 “Will you go with me?” “Not.”
正 “Will you go with me?” “No.”
析 同no, never, hardly等否定词不一样, not不能用来回答提问。
误 You not hardly ever come to see us.
正 You hardly ever come to see us.