have as a part; contain in addition to other parts
"The list includes the names of many famous writers"
"I include you in the list of culprits"
"We must include this chemical element in the group"
"admit someone to the profession"
"She was admitted to the New Jersey Bar"
A power of appointment..includes a right to appoint..absolutely.
出自： W. Cruise
Nor is it true that bananas include moisture as well as sustenance.
出自： V. Woolf
An underground organization which had included almost every human being he had ever known.
出自： G. Orwell
The body includes five men and four women.
The body includes four women.
误 Our university consists of 23 departments, included two research institutes.
正 Our university consists of 23 departments, including two research institutes.
正 Our university consists of 23 departments, two research institutes included.
析 include放在其宾语之前,构成动宾结构就要用表示主动意义的现在分词; 如果include放在其宾语之后,作宾语的后置定语,构成被动关系的主谓结构就用表示被动意义的过去分词。
误 I find that now the plan is including most of my suggestions.
正 I find that now the plan includes most of my suggestions.
析 include属于静态动词(static verbs)一类,表示状态,所以不能用进行时态。
误 Her duties include to find out a bibliography of the subject.
正 Her duties include finding out a bibliography of the subject.