# count

[kaʊnt] [kaʊnt]
• 释义
• 用例
• 词组
• 讲解
• 更多
• v. 计算；视为；依赖；重要，有价值
• n. 计数；总数
• n. 伯爵（欧洲国家的贵族头衔）
双解释义
v. (动词)
1. vt. & vi. 计数,计算

calculate

2. vt. 认为,看作

regard as, consider

n. (名词)
1. [C]计数,总数

action of counting; number reached by counting

2. [C]事项,罪状

any of a group of offences of which a person is accused

详尽释义
v. 动词
1. 看作，算为
2. 总计，共计
3. 包括，将...计算在内，被算入...数内，（被）算进，算入，计进
4. 重要，有重要意义，有（...的）价值，有...重要性，值得（考虑）
5. 认为，信以为
6. 计算（总数），计数，数数，算数，数
7. 确信，相信为
8. 列举
9. 清点，点...的数目，点数
10. 【音】打拍子
11. 依赖，依靠，期望，指望
12. 正式接纳，正式认可
13. 数到（某数），从…数到…
14. 检点，核对
15. 被考虑，被重视
n. 名词
1. 计算，计数
2. 总数，总计
3. 伯爵（欧洲贵族头衔）
4. 【律】罪状
5. 【拳击】数十秒
6. 事项
7. 考虑，顾虑
8. 数（目）
9. 价值
10. 评价
11. 【律】起诉理由
12. 【纺】支
13. 论件出售的东西
14. 由于法定人数不足的延会
15. 康特（音译名）
英英释义
Noun:
1. the total number counted;

"a blood count"

2. the act of counting; reciting numbers in ascending order;

"the counting continued for several hours"

3. a nobleman (in various countries) having rank equal to a British earl

Verb:
1. determine the number or amount of;

"Can you count the books on your shelf?"

2. have weight; have import, carry weight;

"It does not matter much"

3. show consideration for; take into account;

"You must consider her age"
"The judge considered the offender's youth and was lenient"

4. name or recite the numbers in ascending order;

"The toddler could count to 100"

5. put into a group;

"The academy counts several Nobel Prize winners among its members"

6. include as if by counting;

"I can count my colleagues in the opposition"

7. have a certain value or carry a certain weight;

"each answer counts as three points"

8. have faith or confidence in;

"Look to your friends for support"
"You can bet on that!"
"Depend on your family in times of crisis"

9. take account of;

"You have to reckon with our opponents"
"Count on the monsoon"

• 例句
用作动词 (v.)
1. Material control and cycle count.
基本掌握物料控制及周期计算知识。
2. It's not humanly possible to count so quickly.
计算得这么快是人力无法做到的。
3. Fruity cocktails count as health food, study finds.
研究发现，水果鸡尾酒可被视为健康食品。
4. Since most countries already have too many laws, a pause for parliamentary reflection might count as progress.
大多数地区已经立了太多的法律，中止国会审议工作或可视为一种进步。
5. We cannot always count on our parents.
我们不能总是依赖父母。
6. I need to count on you to finish this for me.
我必须依赖你来帮我完成这件事。
用作名词 (n.)
请先做一次血球计数。
2. There is a high pollen count in the air.
空气中有很高的花粉计数。
3. It will count up to a large amount.
总数将相当可观。
4. Then check if the line count exceeds the page length.
然后检查行的总数是否超过页长。
用作名词 (n.)
1. The count lived in that big house.
伯爵曾经住在那幢大房子里。
2. His father was the Count of Montpellier.
他的父亲曾是蒙彼利埃伯爵。
常见句型
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词
S+～(+A)
1. That one doesn't count.
那一个不能算。
2. I don't know how many I have—I didn't count.
我不知道我有多少——我没有算过。
3. The referee started counting.
裁判员开始数数。
4. Quality counts above origin.
质量比产地更重要。
5. Everything they do counts.
他们所做的每一件事都很重要。
用作及物动词
S+～+ n./pron.
1. We counted the books and found there were fifty.
我们把书数了一下,总共是50本。
2. Don't forget to count your change.
别忘记数一下找给你的零钱。
3. It is impossible to count the stars in the sky.
天空中的星星数不清。
4. Six people are on the trip if you count the children.
如果把孩子们也算上,参加这次旅行的一共有六个人。
5. Not counting the autumn crop of maize, their total grain output still exceeded that of the previous year.
不把秋季玉米收成算进去,他们的粮食总产量仍超过头一年。
6. 1
7. Prisoners were counted each morning and evening.
囚犯们早晚都要点名。
8. Have the votes been counted yet?
选票有没有计数?
9. The number of factories able to make such a machine was less than could be counted on the fingers of one's hands.
那时能生产这种机器的工厂屈指可数。
用作宾补动词
1. I count him as my best friend.
我把他看作是我最好的朋友。
2. The old man counted her as his own daughter.
老人把她看作是自己的女儿。
3. The city council counts its library as an important part of public service.
市政会认为它的图书馆是公共事业的一个重要组成部分。
4. On the whole she counted herself a fortunate wife.
总的来说她把自己看作是一位幸运的妻子。
5. I count him a good judge of character.
我认为他很会判断别人品性的好坏。
6. Shelley counted this experience a part of his education.
雪莱把这段经历看作是自己所受教育的一部分。
7. He counted the day well spent.
他认为那天没有虚度。
最后他们只能认为他已经死了。
9. I count myself fortunate in working with you.
我认为能和您在一起工作很幸运。
10. You must count yourself lucky that you were not fired by your boss.
你没被老板解雇就算幸运。
11. After such a bad accident you should count yourself lucky escaping death.
经历了这一次不幸事故,你还能活命不死,总算万幸。
12. I count myself to be fortunate.
我认为我自己是幸运的。
13. 1
14. He is generally counted as incorruptible good official of the law.
人们普遍认为他是一个廉洁的好法官。
15. A member of the tennis club is counted as belonging to the whole sports club.
网球俱乐部的成员被认为是整个俱乐部的一员。
S+～+ n./pron. +(to be) prep .-phrase
1. He counts his life of no importance when fighting for freedom.
他为自由而战,视死如归。
1. I count it a great honour to serve you.
能为您效劳,甚感荣幸。
2. We count it our duty to support birth control.
我们认为,支持计划生育是我们的责任。
3. I count it foolish to let him go.
我认为让他走是不明智的。
用作名词 (n.)
1. He made a rapid count of those who were late.
他很快地数了一下迟到的人数。
2. People on the seashore are beyond count.
海滩上的人不计其数。
3. There were, by count, only 20 students in the library on Saturday evening.
数了一下,星期六晚上图书馆里只有20个学生。
4. According to his count, there were more than 200 people at the meeting.
按照他的计算有200多人出席了这个会议。
5. We will complete the count of the ballots by five tomorrow.
我们将于明晨五点钟把选票统计完毕。
6. The official count came to over a hundred.
官方统计超过100。
7. I want you to start on a count of five.
我要你在我数到五时开始。
8. I may have made a mistake in the count.
我在数的过程中有可能数错了。
9. You may need another count before you are certain of the total.
你也许需要再数一遍才能确定总数。
10. She was found guilty on all counts.
她被判各项罪名成立。
11. The prisoner was found not guilty on all counts.
那名犯人被指控的各项罪状都不能成立。
12. One of the counts against her is that she has maltreated her children.
她被指控的罪行之一就是虐待孩子。
13. Her indictment contains six counts.
对她的起诉包括六项指控。
14. I disagree with you on both counts.
我对你的两个论点不敢苟同。
15. This policy has failed on several counts.
这项政策在几个方面都失败了。
经典引文
• In actual count of time, he was no longer in his first youth.

出自： P. G. Wodehouse

• About fifty titles, at the present count.

出自： M. Moorcock

• 'One, two, three...'; the seekers..began to count their hundred, aloud.

出自： Aldous Huxley

• He counted the flies on the ceiling.

出自： E. Birney

• 常用短语
用作动词 (v.)
count against (v.+prep.)
对…不利; 不利于 be unfavourable to
count against sth
The recent political incident will inevitably count against the peace process of the two countries.

最近发生的这一政治事件无疑会影响两国的和平进程。 count sth against sb
He is young and inexperienced, but please do not count that against him.

他年轻而无经验,但请不要因此而低估他。
Family background could hardly have been counted against her.

家庭背景根本不应成为对她不利的因素。

count among (v.+prep.)
认为…属于 regard sb/sth along to certain group
count sb/sth among sb/sth
They counted me among their supporters.

他们把我算作支持者之一。
Her poetry is counted among the best-known this century.

她的诗作被认为属于本世纪最著名的诗作之列。
Mark Twain was counted among the greatest writers of the century.

马克·吐温可算作那个世纪最出色的作家之一。

count as (v.+prep.)
当作 regard...as, look on as
count as sb/sth
In English, a clause acting as the subject of a sentence counts as singular.

在英语中,一个从句在句子中用作主语时作单数看待。
For the convenience of our classification, any over eighteen years old counts as an adult.

为了我们分类的方便,凡年满18岁者均算成年人。

倒数到零或规定的时间 count backwards to zero or a required time
count down
The people at Control have already begun to count down.

控制站的人员已经开始倒数秒数了。 count sth ⇔ down
The spaceship is already being counted down.

宇宙飞船已开始倒数秒了。

count for (v.+prep.)
有价值,有重要性 be worth, be of significance
count for sth
Such men don't count for anything.

他这样的人毫不足取。
She has realized it is a serious mistake to regard me as a little kid who counts for nothing.

她意识到把我看作是一个无足轻重的小孩子是一个严重的错误。
In their eyes wealth counted for a great deal, education for very little.

在他们看来,财富重于一切,教育没什么价值。

〈非正〉把…算在某一整体之内 include sb/sth, especially when doing a calculation
count sb/sth ⇔ in
Please count me in on this project.

把我也算作这项计划的参加者。
Go and see how many chairs we have in that classroom, but don't count in the broken ones.

去看看那个教室里有多少把椅子,不过坏的不要算进去。

挑出 divide into groups by counting
count off
Count off!

报数! count sth ⇔ off
Will you count off the figures one by one so that I can write them down?

能不能请你把那些数字逐个报一下,这样我好记下来。 count sb ⇔ off
He counted off five men to help with the job.

他挑选五个人来帮助做这件事。

count on〔upon〕 (v.+prep.)
期望,指望 expect or anticipate sth, usually used in the negative
count on〔upon〕 sb/sth
We can always count on him for help in any emergency.

在任何紧急情况下我们总是能够依靠他来帮助。
Don't always count on others for help, you are old enough to do the work by yourself.

不要总是依靠别人的帮助,你已经到了独立做事的年龄了。
They counted on foreign investment to stimulate their economy.

他们想依靠外国投资来刺激他们的经济。 count on〔upon〕 sb to-v

别指望他人能帮你摆脱困境。
I know of at least two people who can be counted on to support us.

我知道至少有两个人可以指望会支持我们。 count on〔upon〕 v-ing
I had counted on having it completed by March.

我曾指望在3月份以前完成这件事情。
We are counting on selling at least 5000 copies of the book.

我们指望这书至少能销售5000本。
I had not counted on meeting her here this morning.

我原来没有想到今天早上在这里碰到她。
Don't count on going abroad this summer, we may not have enough money.

别指望今年夏天能出国,我们的钱可能不够。
Mind,I count on your keeping the promise.

听着,我指望着你信守诺言。 count on〔upon〕 sb/sth v-ing
Please count on me doing my best.

请相信我一定尽力而为。
We can count on the weather being fine.

我们可以指望天气好转。

〈非正〉不把…考虑在内 omit as nonparticipating, omit from consideration
count out
The little girl could only remember her numbers by counting out.

这个小姑娘只有大声数数,才能记得住数字。 count sth ⇔ out
She counted out fifteen pence and passed it to the salesgirl.

她数出15个便士交给女店员。
There is no need to tell the kids that the number of stars cannot be counted out.

没必要告诉孩子们星星是数不清的。 count sb out
You can count me out of this little plan of yours.

你不必把我包括在你这个小打算之内。
Those who have not yet sent in applications should be counted out.

那些还没有申请的人不应算在内。

加起来,算出总数 add up and find the total amount of
count sb/sth ⇔ up
You can count up the great poets still alive , on the fingers of one hand.

在世的大诗人屈指可数。
The men counted up the money carefully.

那些人仔细地清点钱数。 count up to sth
Count up to ten before you open your eyes.

你数到十再睁开眼睛。

用作名词 (n.)
keep〔lose〕 count of
知〔不知〕某数 know〔not know〕 how many there are of sth
set no count on
看不起,轻视 look down upon
take count of
重视,计较 take sth seriously
词汇搭配
用作动词 (v.)
～+名词 ～+副词 ～+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+～ 形容词+～ 名词+～ ～+名词 介词+～ ～+介词
• 词语用法
v. (动词)
1. count的基本意思是“数”,指按分组形式以正常顺序进行清点,如一、二、三…或者一五、一十…以便求出总数，引申可表示“计算在内”“重要,有价值”。可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,可接名词、代词作宾语。
2. count还可作“认为,看作”解,此时主要接复合宾语。其宾语可由名词、代词或动词不定式充当,而宾语补足语则可由名词、形容词(其前可插入to be或as)或介词短语充当。当动词不定式充当宾语时常采用形式宾语结构,即将it置于宾语位置上,而把动词不定式置于补语之后。
3. count用作不及物动词时,主动形式常含有被动意义。
n. (名词)
1. count用作名词的基本意思与作动词时相同,即“计数,总数”。count作“事项,罪状”解时,常用于法律上。
2. count是可数名词,在句中用作主语、宾语、介词宾语等,可与冠词连用。
词义辨析
v. (动词)
count, calculate, number, reckon
• 这组词都有“数”“计算”的意思,尤其是count和reckon在很多情况下可互换,它们之间的区别是:
• 1.count的含义是“数数目”; reckon则侧重“计算”。例如:
• I counted the broken windows and found there were eight.
• 我数了数破损的窗户,共有八个。
• We'll have to reckon the cost of it.
• 我们得计算它的成本。
• 2.count和reckon都有“认为”之义,但reckon则更侧重于“推定”“公认”,指对事件全面权衡。例如:
• Because our family is happy and healthy, we reckon ourselves fortunate.我们很幸运,因为我们的家庭是一个健康、幸福的家庭。
• 3.calculate作“计算,核算”解时,指通过较复杂的过程,如:算术上的加减乘除或精密计算等。例如:
• Can you calculate how much a trip to the Great Wall will cost?你能计算去长城旅游一次要多少钱吗?
• 4.count和reckon多用于口语或日常生活; calculate多用于自然科学、生产部门或需要专门计算的场合。例如:
• Astronomers can calculate when there will be eclipses of the sun and the moon.天文学家能算出什么时候有日食、月食。
• 5.count既可用作动词,也可用作名词；而calculate和reckon只能用作动词。
• 6.number侧重“编号”。
count up to, add up to, amount to, come to, run into
• 这五个短语动词都是“总计”的意思,其差别很细微：
• 1.从构成上说, add up to和count up to是动副介型短语; 而amount to, come to和run into是动介型短语。
• 2.从主语上说, add up to和come to相同,均多为钱、账单、数目等; amount to和run into的主语多为loss, cost, expense, debt, sum等名词; 而count up to的主语则仅限It。例如:
• Our hotel bill added up to〔amounted to,came to〕 300 dollars.我们的旅馆费共计300美元。
• His debts amounted to〔ran into〕 over 3000 dollars.他的债务已高达3000多美元。
• It counts up to 300 dollars.共计300美元。
• 3.从宾语上说, add up to, amount to, come to后一般接数字; 而count up to和run into后除可接数字外,还可接名词。例如:
• It counts up to a considerable sum.合计起来数目相当可观。
• Losses run into six figures.损失高达6位数。
• 4.从使用场合上说, come to最通俗, count up to不常用。
下面各组中的句子意思是一样的:
• I count myself lucky.
• I count myself to be lucky.
• 我认为我自己是幸运的。
• You count among my best friends.
• You were counted among my best friends.
• I count you among my best friends.
• 你可算是我最好的朋友之一。
• Can you count from one to ten in English?
• Can you count up to ten in English?
• 你能用英语从一数到十吗?
下面两个句子的意思有差别:
• I counted on John to help me.
• 我指望约翰来帮助我。
• I counted on John helping me.
• 我指望着约翰对我的帮助。
calculate，count，compute，reckon
• 这些动词均含有“计算”之意。
• calculate通常指要求细致精确和复杂的计算，以解决疑难问题，多用于自然科学、生产部门或要求专门计算的场合。
• count指逐一计算而得出总数。
• compute一般指已有数据的，较简单但数字长的数学运算。
• reckon通常指较简单的数学计算，也可指心算。
consider，think，believe，count，deem，reckon，regard
• 这些动词均含有“认为”之意。
• consider指经过考虑和观察后得出的结论。
• think普通用词，指按照自己的意见提出看法。
• believe通常指根据一定的证据，经思考后而认为属实。
• count指作出判断后而得出的看法等。
• deem正式用词，常用于法律、文学，强调作判断而不是思考。
• reckon指对人或事作全面“权衡”，把各方面意见考虑进去后得出结论。
• regard侧重凭外表或表面现象作判断。多强调观点。
词源解说
• ☆ 14世纪中期进入英语，直接源自古法语的counter；最初源自拉丁语的conputare，意为数，计数。
• 近反义词
【近义词】
【反义词】
临近单词