# approximate

[ə'prɒksɪmət] [ə'prɑːksɪmət]
• 释义
• 用例
• 词组
• 讲解
• 更多
• v. 接近；约等于
双解释义
v. (动词)
1. vt. & vi. 近似,接近

come near in amount , nature, etc.

2. vt. 近似计算；概略估算

calculate or estimate sth fairly accurately;calculate sth in a way that is not exact

1. 大概的,大约的

nearly correct but not exact

详尽释义
1. 近似的
2. 大概的，大约的
3. 接近的，位置（十分）接近的
4. 或多或少正确的，近于准确的
v. 动词
1. （使）接近，在接近，走近，（使）靠近，逼近
2. 近似，几乎与…一样
3. 大致估计，约计，估计，近似计算，概略估算
4. 近于
5. 模拟
6. 约等于
n. 名词
1. 近似值
英英释义
1. not quite exact or correct;

"the approximate time was 10 o'clock"
"a rough guess"
"a ballpark estimate"

2. very close in resemblance;

"sketched in an approximate likeness"
"a near likeness"

3. located close together;

"approximate leaves grow together but are not united"

Verb:
1. be close or similar;

"Her results approximate my own"

2. judge tentatively or form an estimate of (quantities or time);

"I estimate this chicken to weigh three pounds"

• 例句
1. This is just an approximate figure.
这仅仅是个近似值。
2. We are entirely justified in using the approximate theory.
我们用近似理论完全正当。
3. He spent approximate two hours searching the photo.
他用了大约两小时来寻找这张照片.
4. The approximate number of students in the school is 300.
这所学校的学生数大约为300人。
用作动词 (v.)
1. Production costs approximate to \$100,000 .
生产成本接近十万美元。
2. The color of the curtains approximates that of the rug.
窗帘的颜色和地毯相近。
3. The cost of the project will approximate \$10,000.
这个项目的成本大约为一万美金。
常见句型
用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词
S+～+ n./pron.
1. His income approximated 8000 dollars a year.
他的年收入近8000美元。
2. Student numbers this year are expected to approximate 5000.
今年的学生人数预计是5000人左右。
3. The total cost will approximate 15 billion.
总费用将近150亿英镑。
4. The crowd approximated 10,000.
人群接近一万人。
5. John's record approximates the champion's.
约翰的成绩接近于冠军的纪录。
6. The animals were reared in conditions which approximated the wild as closely as possible.
这些动物是在尽量近似自然的环境下饲养的。
7. The color of these curtains approximates that of the rug.
这些窗帘的颜色与地毯的颜色接近。
8. The student is then faced with a situation that closely approximates real life.
学生此时面临着一种与现实生活极其相似的情况。
9. This timber approximates first-class standard, but it still has some defects.
这种木材差不多是头等材，但它还有些缺陷。
10. Your account of what happened approximates the truth,but there are several small errors.
你对有关发生情况的叙述基本属实，不过其中有几点小差错。
11. We approximated the distance as three miles.
我们粗略估计距离为三英里。
12. The mechanic approximated the cost of a new engine for my car.
汽车修理工对于给我的汽车换装新引擎毛估了一个价钱。
S+～+wh-clause
1. This flavour approximates what I remember.
这个味道基本上跟我记忆中的一样。
用作定语
～+ n.
1. This will give you an approximate idea of the situation.
这将为你提供一个局势的概貌。
2. Can you give me an approximate idea of what happened?
你可以把大致情况跟我说一下吗？
3. I can give you an approximate idea of where she lives.
我可以提供给你她住所的大致位置。
4. Fifteen minutes is the approximate time for boiling potatoes.
大约15分钟可以煮熟土豆。
5. The train's approximate time of arrival is 10:30.
列车到达时间大约在10：30左右。
6. Her approximate age is thirty.
她约摸30岁光景。
7. I can only give you an approximate figure.
我只能给你一个大概的数字。
8. The approximate cost will be about 600.
费用大约为600美元。
9. The approximate date of his departure is next month.
他大约在下个月动身。
10. The approximate figure is 40, while the exact number is 38.
约数为40，而确数则为38。
11. The approximate length of a metre is 40 inches; the exact length is 39.37 inches.1
米的大约长度是40英寸，精确长度是39.37英寸。
12. The approximate number of children in the school is three hundred.
这所学校学生的人数大约为300人。
13. The builder gave an approximate cost for fixing the roof.
房屋修建商给修理房顶粗略地估计了一个价钱。
14. Use these figures as an approximate guide in your calculations.
在你的计算中把这些数字作为近似参考数值。
n. +～+to
1. The Prime Minister has made a statement closely approximate to a falsehood.
首相发表了一项几近谎言的声明。
2. It's very kind of you to lend me a sum of money approximate to what will be needed.
你真好，借给我一笔接近所需数目的钱。
用作表语
S+be+～
1. Our calculation was only approximate.
我们的计算只是粗略的。
S+be+～+to
1. His statement is approximate to the truth.
他的陈述基本合乎事实。
经典引文
• Shakespeare approximates the remote, and familiarizes the wonderful.

出自： S. Johnson

• He must purify the world of matter, erase its flaws, and approximate it to the idea.

出自： E. H. Gombrich

• A compress..placed on the palm after the edges of the wound had been evenly approximated.

出自： J. G. Farrell

• 常用短语
用作动词 (v.)
approximate to (v.+prep.)
〈正〉接近,近似 be like; come very near to sth
approximate to sth/wh-clause
The cost of the project will approximate to 10,000 pounds.

这项工程的成本约需一万英镑。
Her income this year approximates to 5000 dollars.

她今年的收入近5000美元。
It approximated in size to the toffee bars already being produced.

它的大小跟已在生产的条状太妃糖差不多。
There was nothing which even approximated to “Art”.

那根本没有一点可谈得上与“艺术”相近的东西。
This month's results approximated to the average for this season.

这个月的业绩接近这个季度的平均值。
Your story only approximates to the real facts.

你所说的仅仅是接近事实真相。
What was said approximated to the facts but still left a great deal out.

所说的内容与事实接近，可是仍然漏了不少。
His account of the incident approximates to that of the other witness.

他对事故的描述与其他目击者的大致相仿。
Worsening social conditions approximate to those of the early thirties.

日趋恶化的社会情况与30年代早期的情况很相似。
The newspaper reports of the discussion only roughly approximated to what was actually said.

报纸上只是粗略地报道了这次讨论的大概情况。
Your latest design approximates much more closely to what I understand the building to be like.

你的最新设计与我所想的房子的模样接近得多了。

词汇搭配
用作动词 (v.)
～+名词 ～+副词 ～+介词
～+名词
• 词语用法
v. (动词)
1. approximate的基本意思是“接近”,主要指智力、活动方面的接近,如理想与现实、物质与精神等。也可表示在数量或总量上的接近,但不一定与某一确定量相等。approximate还可作“近似计算；概略估算”解。
2. approximate用作及物动词可接名词或代词作宾语；作“近似,接近”解时也可用作不及物动词,这时其客体由介词to引出。
1. approximate的基本意思是“大概的,大约的”，可指修饰具体的数字，也可修饰抽象的概念、事实等。approximate有时还可作“紧挨的；靠近的”解。
2. approximate作“大概的,大约的”解时不用于比较等级。
词义辨析
v. (动词)
approximate, approach
• 这组词的共同意思是“接近”,它们之间的区别是:
• approach意思较广,既可指时间、空间、思路方面的接近,也可指实际的接触; 指人时,侧重目的和动机。approximate除指思想方面的关系外,还常指数目、数量等的接近。
词源解说
• ☆ 15世纪初期进入英语，直接源自拉丁语的approximatus，意为走近。
• 近反义词
【近义词】
【反义词】
临近单词