# percent

[pə'sent] [pə'sent]
• 释义
• 用例
• 词组
• 讲解
• 更多
• n. 百分比
双解释义
n. (名词)
1. [S]百分之…,百分比

one part in every hundred, percentage

详尽释义
n. 名词
1. 百分率，百分比，百分数
2. 部分
3. 百分之...；每百中
4. 百分之一
1. 百分之...的
2. 每一百中有...的
3. 按百分之...支付利息的
4. 每百分的
英英释义
Noun:
1. a proportion in relation to a whole (which is usually the amount per hundred)

• 例句
用作名词 (n.)
1. The number of queues repaired out of the percent detected.
修复的队列数目超过检测到的百分比。
2. Twenty percent of the products are exported.
百分之二十的产品外销。
3. The company's market share is 48 percent in the marketplace.
这家公司的市场占有率是百分之四十八。
4. The gross national product had increased 5 percent last year.
去年的国民生产总值提高了百分之五。
5. The millionaire has handed over 50 percent of his stock to his first son.
这个百万富翁已把他一半的股票移交给他的长子。
6. The covering of forestry in our town is 60 percent.
我们镇的森林覆盖率是百分之六十。
1. I am a hundred percent in agreement with you.
我百分之百同意你的看法。
1. We give 10 percent discount for cash.
现金付款，我们九折优惠。
2. Genius is one percent inspiration and ninety-nine percent perspiration.
天才是靠百分之一的灵感与百分之九十九的努力。
常见句型
用作名词 (n.)
1. Prices have risen six percent in the past year.
在过去的一年中,物价上涨了6%。
2. The writer gets a ten percent royalty on each copy of his book.
作者从每本卖出的书中可得到百分之十的版税。
3. 12 is one percent of 1200.12
是1200的百分之一。
4. They can supply only 30 percent of what we need.
他们只能供应我们所需的30%。
5. I agree with you one hundred percent.
我百分之百地同意你的意见。
6. 95 percent of my students have passed the examination.
我教的学生中有百分之九十五通过了考试。
7. Twenty percent of the passengers on the bus are American.
公共汽车上百分之二十的乘客是美国人。
8. Fifty percent of the books were bought in this bookshop.50%
的书是在这家书店买的。
9. Twenty percent of their income is to be spent on food.
他们收入的20%将用在食品方面。
10. Only a small percent of the class was there.
这个班只有少数学生在那里。
11. He invested money in 2.5 percents.
他投资二厘五利息的公债。
• 词汇搭配
用作名词 (n.)
动词+～ 介词+～
• 词语用法
n. (名词)
1. percent是可数名词,但通常用单数形式,它的基本意思是“百分之…”,非正式英语中可指“百分率”“百分比”,常用符号%表示。与数词连用时,数词应置于percent之前。
2. 在英式英语中, percent的复数形式可表示“有特定利率的证券”“利率为…厘的债券〔公债〕”等。
3. percent of...作主语时, of后如为不可数名词,谓语动词用单数形式; 如为可数名词复数形式,则谓语动词用复数形式。
4. increase the rate from three to five percent有两种含义:一是指现在为3%,将来增加到5%; 另一种含义是指3%到5%之间的任何一个百分数。为避免误解,前者最好写成from 3% to 5%; 后者最好写成by 3—5%。
词义辨析
percent，percentage
• 这两个名词均可表示“百分比”之意。
• percent或per cent 系拉丁语per centum的缩略，通常和一个具体数字连用，指具体的百分比。
• percentage不受数字修饰，不指具体的百分比，通常用在一些形容词或起形容词作用的词之后，可也单独使用。
常见错误
n. (名词)
1. 我的任务已经完成了50%。

Fifty percent of my task have been done.

Fifty percent of my task has been done.

2. 我们班有30%的学生是女生。

Thirty percent of the students in our class is girl.

Thirty percent of the students in our class are girls.

percent of+ n. 作主语时,谓语动词应与该名词的数一致。

3. 考试有20%不及格。

Twenty percents were dropped in the examination.

Twenty percent were dropped in the examination.

percent作“每百,百分之…”解,只能用于单数形式。

词源解说
• ☆ 直接源自现代拉丁语的per centum，意为成百的。
• 近反义词
【近义词】
临近单词