additional; more than is usual, allowed, etc.
the fact of exceeding, or an amount by which sth exceeds
sth more than is reasonable; more than the excess of anger
"the child was spoiled by overindulgence"
"trying to lose excess weight"
"found some extra change lying on the dresser"
"yet another book on heraldry might be thought redundant"
"skills made redundant by technological advance"
"sleeping in the spare room"
"it was supererogatory of her to gloat"
"delete superfluous (or unnecessary) words"
"extra ribs as well as other supernumerary internal parts"
"surplus cheese distributed to the needy"
He..allowed his army to commit all the excesses that are particularly hateful.
出自： P. Warner