- Patient's antibody of bladder worm and Toxoplasma is both negative.
- The adventitia of bladder is built-up and organized.
- Of 5 cases of bladder carcinoma, 2 died and 3 underwent TURBT.
- PCEA is believed to decrease the frequency and intensity of bladder spasm.
- Submucous prominent lumps of bladder were found with cystoscopy in all the 3.