administrative cases in first instance
- The Supreme People's Court shall have jurisdiction as a court of first instance over grave and complicated administrative cases in the whole country.
- The higher people's courts shall have jurisdiction as courts of first instance over grave and complicated administrative cases in areas under their jurisdiction.
- Visible, if the ruling in first instance is OK,appeal only.
- Transfer administrative cases over which they themselves have jurisdiction as courts of first instance to people's courts at lower levels for trial.