It appeared that electrochemical dyeing could not only increase equilibrium up-take of dyes,accelerate the rate of diffusion and reduce active energy of dyeing,but also reduce cost and save energy. 试验结果表明,在一定电压下,电化学染色技术可以提高还原染料的平衡上染百分率,加快扩散速率,降低染料上染的活化能,降低成本,节约能源。
active energy of surface diffusion 表面扩散活化能
It is found that the relation between the melting temperature and the cohesive energy of bulk materials can be used to nanomaterials, but the coefficient depends on the height of nanofilms. 研究表明，块体材料熔化温度与结合能的关系式在纳米薄膜体系仍然成立，但比例系数是一个依赖于薄膜厚度的参量。
The overall activation energy of copolymerization is 3. 5 kcal/mol. 聚合总活化能为3.