On the other hand, absolute risk is lower than for equities because coupon payments cannot be waived and, in the event of a default, bondholders are ranked highly among creditors. 另一方面，这些债券投资者承担的绝对风险却又低于股东，因为息票的付款是不能勾销的，而在公司无法还债时，债券持有人的债权，有很高的优先权。
When the insurer is constant absolute risk aversion (CARA), the initial reserve has no effect on insurer's behavior. 当保险人表现为常数绝对风险规避(CARA)时，初始准备金对保险人并无影响；
In MATCH, the closest analogous trial, results were similar, with a 5.9% RRR and a mere 0.72% absolute risk reduction. 在与之最类似的MATCH试验中，结果差不多，相对危险降低率为5.
However, few long-term studies have addressed the absolute risk of repeat fractures in older adults, especially men, the report indicates. 但长期观察老年人重复骨折绝对风险性的研究却很少，尤其关于老年男性的。
The absolute risk ratio (ARR) of NPTS for adverse event was 3.0%, (NNT=33.2), it costs additional RMB $116,100 for preventing one adverse event. 低眼压性黄斑水肿1只眼。 (6)成本效果分析:NPTS组对不良事件的绝对风险降低率(ARR)=3.