- A provincial governor in the Ottoman Empire.
- A provincial governor of consular rank in the Roman Republic and Roman Empire.
- He became sultan after serving as a provincial governor under his grandfather, Bayezid II, and his father, Selim I.
- A Moslem ruler, provincial governor, or judge.
- FARC's kidnap and murder of a provincial governor in late December was a grisly throwback to the bad old days of a decade ago.